Read the below Daily Current affairs and News analysis from Top Ranked IAS Academy in Bangalore Vignan IAS Academy
BMCM – Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation of Mumbai recently issued a circular that bodies of all COVID-19 patients would be cremated at the nearest crematorium, without any rituals. The circular was later amended, allowing burials only if grounds were large enough
- The Union Health Ministry’s detailed guidelines for handling of bodies of COVID-19 patients allow both cremation and burial. It makes no mention of any risk of contamination from bodies if buried.
- Bodies of people infected with microbes such as HIV and SARS-CoV-2 come under Biosafety Levels II and III.
- Burial is considered safe as the body is sealed. Coronavirus infection spreads by droplets. But there has been no case recorded where body fluids leaked from a body contaminated groundwater and spread infection.
- If the body is cremated, the ash does not pose any risk either.
- Infection is a risk only for mortuary workers, doctors who do the autopsy and those who handle the body. If all precautions are followed, then both burial and cremation are considered safe.
The Maharashtra cabinet recommended Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray’s nomination to one of the Governor nominee seats in the legislative council -ARTICLE 164(4)
- Thackeray took charge as Chief Minister on November 28, 2019, and has to become a member of the State legislature before May 28 or resign and again take the oath. As of now, he is not a member of either State assembly or council.
- Thackeray had planned to get elected to the upper House but all elections have been postponed by the Election Commission in the wake of Covid-19. Once the Governor accepts the Cabinet’s recommendation, Thackeray will continue in the post.
- Article 164(4) of the Constitution of India states that a Minister who for any period of six consecutive months is not a member of the Legislature of the State shall at the expiration of that period cease to be a Minister.
Index funds — which track performances of widely traded indices, such as the Nifty and the Sensex — saw a fourfold jump in inflows in March. Last month, such funds received inflows to the tune of Rs 2,076 crore, as against Rs 511 crore the previous month
- Index funds, as the name suggests, are funds that replicate a certain index.
- So, if there is a Sensex fund, it will have the same 30 stocks that are there in the Sensex. Further, the weightage of each stocks in the fund would also mirror their respective weightage in the actual index.
- Globally, there are many index funds that replicate popular benchmarks like S&P 500 and Dow Jones. In the Indian arena, most of the leading mutual fund houses offer index funds based on Sensex or Nifty.
- Index funds are a form of passive funds since the fund manager does not have to actively do any kind of stock picking. The fund sees a churn in its portfolio only if the actual index sees any inclusion or exclusion.
Benefits of investing in index funds:
- Typically, the benchmark index of any exchange would comprise the largest and most liquid companies publicly listed on that bourse. The benchmarks are quite diversified in terms of sector representation as well.
- So, investing in an index fund allows the investor to have a well-diversified portfolio of the largest companies.
- An investor can own a basket of stocks at a much lower cost compared to owning each stock individually in a benchmark.
The President of India greeted people on the occasion of Vaisakhi, Vishu, Rongali Bihu, Naba Barsha, Vaisakhadi, Puthandu, Pirappu, which are being celebrated in different parts of the country on 13th and 14th April, 2020
- Baisakhi: Baisakhi, also known as Vaisakhi, Vaishakhi, or Vasakhi, is celebrated with much fanfare in Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh. Baisakhi is a spring harvest festival for the Sikhs. Baisakhi also commemorates the formation of Khalsa Panth by Guru Gobind Singh in 1699.
- Rongali Bihu: Assam celebrates Bihu thrice in a year but Rongali Bihu is the biggest and most popular. Rongali or the Bohag (spring) Bihu starts on the last day of the Assamese calendar month of Chot, which normally falls on April 13 or 14 annually.
- Poila Boishakh: Poila Boishakh also known as Pahela Baishakh or Bangla Nababarsha is the first day of Bengali Calendar.
- Mahabishuva Sankranti: On the same day, Odisha celebrates Mahabisuha Sankranti, better known as Pana Sankranti.
- Puthandu: Puthandu in Tamil Nadu marks the first day of the Tamil New Year.
- Vishu: Vishu in Kerala marks the completion of the spring equinox. But unlike Onam, the other harvest festival, Vishu is a quieter affair, with Lord Vishnu in his Krishna avatar, the presiding deity of the festivities. Malayalis observe the ritual of ‘Vishukanni’.
- Bikhoti: The Bikhoti Festival of Uttrakhand involves people taking a dip in holy rivers.
- Jurshital: In the Mithal region of Bihar and Nepal, the new year is celebrated as Jurshital.
SHG women working as Business Correspondents for banks (BC Sakhis) and Bank Sakhis are playing a vital role in disbursement of first tranch of ex-gratia of Rs.500/- to women PMJDY accounts amidst COVID-19 Lockdown
- BC Sakhis are Self-Help Groups (SHGs) women working as Business Correspondents for banks.
- A Bank Sakhi is someone who has been an SHG member involved in conducting banking and book-keeping activities of the group.
- As a Bank Sakhi, she provides a range of financial services on behalf of the bank to her community and is supported by the local SHG federation which provides capacity development, training, and financial awareness in the community.
- She is paid a commission by the bank for different services, which covers her costs and provides her with an income.
- As a part of the Rural Financial Institutions Programme (RFIP), National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) and GIZ initiated this project in 2012 to overcome a major challenge in ensuring financial inclusion of rural low-income households.
- The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH or GIZ in short is a German development agency headquartered in Bonn that provides services in the field of international development cooperation.
COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the livelihood of the Pattachitra artists, residing in Heritage crafts village of Raghurajpur in Odisha
- Patta means cloth, and Chitra means picture. Hence, Pattachitra is a picture painted on a piece of cloth. It is based in the states of West Bengal and Odisha.
- Bengal tradition: It is centered around Kalighat (in Kolkata). Theme is Not much devotional.
- Odisha tradition:
- It is centered around Puri. Almost all of the Chitrakar community hails from a small village in Puri district called Raghurajpur.
- These paintings are based on Hindu mythology and specially inspired by Jagannath and Vaishnava sect.
- All colours used in the Paintings are natural and paintings.
The Kerala Tourism has geared up for the post-COVID-19 era by coming up with six theme-based microsites (including one on Kalaripayattu) in the official website to promote destination and tourism products
- Kalaripayattu also known as Kalari, is an Indian martial art and fighting style that originated in Kerala.
- It is considered to be among the oldest martial arts still in existence, with its origin dating back to at least the 3rd century BC.
- Kalaripayattu includes strikes, kicks, grappling, preset forms, weaponry and healing methods. Practitioners of Kalaripayattu also possess intricate knowledge of pressure points on the human body and healing techniques that incorporate the knowledge of Ayurveda and Yoga.
- Unlike other parts of India, warriors in Kerala belonged to all castes. Women in Keralite society also underwent training in Kalaripayattu, and still do so to this day.
There are two major styles within traditional Kalaripayattu. These are:
- Northern style (Vadakkan Kalari) from the Malabar region in northern Kerala: It is based on elegant and flexible movements, evasions, jumps and weapons training.
- Southern style (Thekkan Kalari) from southern Kerala: It specializes in hard, impact based techniques with priority on hand-to-hand combat and pressure point strikes.
Odisha’s Ganjam district administration has banned the Meru Jatra festival and congregations related to it at temples on the occasion of Mahavishub Sankranti, which is also start of the Odia New Year
- Meru Jatra marks the end of 21-day-long festival of penance named ‘Danda Nata’.
- Danda Nata or Danda Jatra is one of the most important traditional dance festivals organized in different parts of South Odisha and particularly in the Ganjam District, the heartland of ancient Kalinga Empire.
- The Danda Nata festival is being held in the month of Chaitra of every year.
- Only male persons take part in this festival. The Participants of Danda are called Danduas (also known as Bhoktas) and they pray Goddesses Kali and Shiva during this 13-, 18- or 21-day Danda period.