THE HINDU News Analysis – Daily Current affairs and Editorial Analysis from Nation’s Top Ranked IAS Coaching center in Bangalore – Vignan IAS Academy.
Cabinet approves Phase II of Swachh Bharat Mission
- The phase II of the mission will focus on Open Defecation Free Plus.
- The mission in this phase is to converge with Jal Jeevan Mission and MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Act).
- The mission also aims to provide rural employment.
- It is to be monitored under 4 key areas namely bio-degradable solid waste management, plastic waste management, faecal sludge management and grey water management.
- Jal Jeevan Mission aims to provide tap water to all the households by 2024. It also focuses on desilting minor irrigation tanks and using grey water for agriculture.
Source: The Hindu (Economy)
GOI to launch “TILHAN Mission” to make India Self Reliant in oil seed Production
- The announcement was made at an occasion of Soil Health Card Day, February 19, 2020.
- The Minister also announced that GoI is to create 10,000 Farmer Producer Organizations all over the country.
- India is the largest importer of palm oil in the world.
Source: The Hindu (Economy – Agriculture)
Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved a scheme for “Formation and Promotion of Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs)
- The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has given its approval for 10,000 FPOs to be formed in five years period from 2019-20 to 2023-24 to ensure economies of scale for farmers.
- Support to each FPO be continued for 5 years from its year of inception.
- Initially there will be three implementing Agencies to form and promote FPOs, namely Small Farmers Agri-business Consortium (SFAC), National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) and National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).
- FPOs will be formed and promoted through Cluster Based Business Organizations (CBBOs) engaged at the State/Cluster level by implementing agencies.
- FPOs will be promoted under “One District One Product” cluster to promote specialization and better processing, marketing, branding & export by FPOs.
- Benefits: Through formation of FPOs, farmers will have better collective strength for better access to quality input, technology, credit and better marketing access through economies of scale for better realization of income.
Source : Times of India (Agriculture)
22nd Law Commission of India approved by the Union Cabinet
- The commission has been approved for a period of three years.
- The Commission will consist of a full time Chairperson. It has four full time members. Also, secretaries from Department of Legal Affairs and Legislative department.
- It is a non-statutory body that is constituted by the GoI from time to time.
- It was constituted in 1955 for the first time. Since then it has been reconstituted for every 3 years. So far, the Law Commission of India has submitted 277 reports.
Source: The Hindu (Governance)
Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill approved by Union Cabinet
- The bill proposes to establish a national registry of clinics.
- It will help in identifying people that are involved in illegal embryo sale and trafficking.
- The bill aims at setting up of a national board and as state board to implement a legal framework.
- The ART is used to treat infertility. The technology works to remove an egg from a woman’s body and fertilize it with a man’s sperm to make an embryo.
Source: The Hindu (Governance)
India shifts towards clean Diesel and Petrol from April 1
- From April 1, 2020, India will shift to Euro-VI emission compliant from Euro-IV grades that is being followed now.
- These fuels contain just 10 parts per million of Sulphur whereas BS IV contains 50 ppm of Sulphur. The Sulphur emissions are the main reasons that choke pollution in major cities.
- Delhi and adjoining cities have already adopted BS VI in April 2019.
Source: The Hindu (Environment & Ecology)
IISc ranked 16th in Times Higher Education Ranking
The ranking was titled “The Emerging Economies University Ranking 2020”.
Around 11 Indian Universities were included in the top 100.
The ranking included 533 Universities from 47 countries all over the world. Out of these, 56 Indian Universities appeared in the ranking.
Source: The Hindu (Education)
Dairy processing and Infrastructure Development Fund (DIDF)
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved upward revision of interest subvention from “upto 2%” to “upto 2.5% p.a.” under the scheme Dairy processing and Infrastructure Development Fund (DIDF) with the revised outlay of Rs 11184 Crore
- Under DIDF, Government of India will
provide Interest subvention upto 2.5% to NABARD from 2019-20 to 2030-31 and in
case there is any further increase in the cost of funds, it shall be borne by
the end borrowers themselves.
- The funding period (2017-18 to
2019-20) of the scheme is revised to 2018-19 to 2022-23 and the repayment
period to be extended upto 2030-31 with spill over to first quarter of the FY
Important Info :
- The scheme is implemented by the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DADF).
- Under it, milk cooperatives are provided financial assistance at the interest rate of 6.5% in the form of financial assistance loan to be returned over a period of 10 years. With this investment, 95,00,000 farmers in about 50,000 villages would be benefitted.
- Major activities covered under DIDF are: Modernizations creation of new milk processing facilities and manufacturing facilities for Value Added Products, Chilling Infrastructure, Electronic Adulteration testing kit and Project Management & Learning.
Source : Business Standard
Bhaskaracharya Institute of Space Applications and Geoinformatics (BISAG)
The Union Cabinet has approved Elevation of Bhaskaracharya Institute of Space Applications and Geoinformatics (BISAG), Gujarat as Bhaskaracharya National Institute for Space Applications and Geo-informatics (BISAG(N)) under Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MEITY), Government of India
- At present, BISAG is a state agency of Department of Science and Technology Government of Gujarat, located at Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
- It is registered as a Society and Trust with the Charity Commissioner of Ahmedabad.
- Its Governing body is chaired by the Chief Secretary, Government of Gujarat.
- The elevation of BISAG has been done to expand its scope of activities & research and to ensure efficient rollout of GIS projects. Now it will be an Autonomous Scientific Society under Government of India instead of State Government.
Source : Business Standard
Editorial Analysis – Vignan IAS Academy
By agreeing to Partition, Congress kept India united
- Else, India would have been a fragmented entity.
- What was on offer as an alternative to Partition was the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946.
- This plan not only envisaged a loose federal structure with a very weak centre, it could be called a ‘crypto-Pakistan plus’.
- It not only grouped provinces on the basis of religious majorities, it left the issue of the princely states’ future as a matter of discussion between the princes and the weak centre that it envisioned.
- Cabinet Mission Plan also said that “any Province by majority vote of its Legislative Assembly could call for a reconsideration of the terms of the Constitution after an initial period of ten years and at ten-yearly intervals thereafter.”
- Hence the Plan did not rule out the dissolution of the Union if provinces made a demand.
- This convinced Sardar Patel that Partition was the only way to save India from becoming a totally dysfunctional state.
- In his own famous words, “In order to keep India united it must be divided.”
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