- Pandit Ravi Shankar, born Robindro Shaunkor Chowdhury (1920 – 2012) was an Indian musician and a composer of Hindustani classical music.
- The “Sitar maestro” was the best-known proponent of the sitar in the second half of the 20th century and influenced many other musicians throughout the world including Beatles guitarist George Harrison.
- He popularised performing on the bass octave of the sitar for the alap section.
- He was known for a distinctive playing style in the middle and high registers that used quick and short deviations of the playing string and his sound creation through stops and strikes on the main playing string.
- Shankar promoted the jugalbandi duet concert style and claims to have introduced new ragas Tilak Shyam, Nat Bhairav and Bairagi.
- Pandit Ravi Shankar was the music director of All India Radio, New Delhi, from 1949 to 1956.
- From 1986 to 1992, he served as a nominated member of Rajya Sabha.
Important Info :
Awards and honours received:
- Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1962); Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship (1975)
- Padma Bhushan (1967); Padma Vibhushan (1981); Bharat Ratna (1999)
- Kalidas Samman from the Government of Madhya Pradesh for 1987–88
- Ramon Magsaysay Award (1992).
Source : Indian Express (Culture)