Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) will celebrate the Matribhasha Diwas across the country on 21st February with the theme ‘Celebrating our Multilingual Heritage.’
- Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) along with educational institutions and language institutions is celebrating the Matribhasha Diwas for the past three years to highlight the linguistic diversity of our country.
- International Mother Language Day (IMLD) is a worldwide annual observance held on 21st February by UNESCO to promote awareness of linguistic diversity. It was first announced by UNESCO in 1999 and was formally recognized by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 2008.
Source : Business Standard (Culture)
Ministry of Textiles is organising Kala Kumbh – Handicrafts Exhibitions for promotion of GI Crafts
- It is being organised with an objective to promote Geographical Indication (GI) crafts and heritage of India.
- The exhibitions sponsored by Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts (EPCH) are being organized through the Office of Development Commissioner (Handicrafts).
- The exhibitions are planned in various major cities like Bengaluru, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai.
- The exhibitions started on 14th February, 2020 and will continue till 23rd February 2020 at Bengaluru and Mumbai and will also be organized in Kolkata and Chennai in March 2020.
Important Info :
- The GI tag is used on handicrafts which correspond to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g., a town, region, or country).
- As on August 2019, 178 GI handicraft products were registered from all over India.
Source : PIB (Culture)
The Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses’ (IDSA) as ‘Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses’
- The decision has been taken to honour the commitment and legacy of late Manohar Parrikar, the former Raksha Mantri and Padma Bhushan awardee.
- He was Raksha Mantri from November 9, 2014 –March 14, 2017. He implemented the long-standing One Rank One Pension (OROP) demand for the Armed Forces.
- He set up an expert committee under Lt Gen (Retd) DB Shekatkar for enhancing combat capability and rebalancing defence expenditure.
Important Info :
Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses’ (IDSA)?
- An autonomous body under Ministry of Defence, IDSA was established as a registered society in New Delhi in 1965, dedicated to objective research and policy relevant studies on all aspects of defence and security.
- Raksha Mantri chairs the Executive committee of the lnstitute’s society.
Source : The Hindu (Defence & Security)
Union Minister of Coal and Mines chaired “Chintan Shivir” – a two day brainstorming session organized to find a way forward for the coal sector – at Kevadia in Gujarat.
Key announcements made:
- India will stop importing thermal coal from Financial Year 2023-24.
- The Ministry of Coal will introduce a “Coal Minister’s Award” soon to recognize and appreciate best practices in coal production, productivity, safety, sustainability etc. by the coal companies.
- Various ways and means were discussed to achieve 1 billion tonnes (BT) coal production target by Coal India Limited (CIL) by Financial Year 2023-24.
- CIL could generate 5 GW of solar power by FY 2023-24 and could diversify into coal gasification with a target of 50 Million Tonnes by 2030 enabling a sustainable energy mix for the country.
- The Minister has urged coal companies to achieve zero mortality rate by FY 2023-24.
Source : Economic Times (Economy)
The International IP Index was released by Global Innovation Policy Center (GIPC) of the US Chambers of Commerce, a top American industry body
- India has been ranked 40th out of 53 countries on the 2020 index. India was placed at 36th position among 50 countries in 2019.
- India’s score, however, increased from 36.04 per cent (16.22 out of 45) in 2019 to 38.46 per cent (19.23 out of 50) in 2020, a 2.42 per cent jump in absolute score. However, India’s relative score increased by 6.71 per cent.
- Since 2016, India has improved the speed of processing for patent and trademark applications, increased awareness of IP rights among Indian innovators and creators, and facilitated the registration and enforcement of those rights.
- Two new Index economies (Greece and the Dominican Republic) scored ahead of India. The Philippines, and Ukraine leapfrogged India.
Source : Times of India (Economy)
From deep dark Meghalaya cave, explorers bring to light “World’s Largest Subterranean Fish” — an almost-blind species that seems similar to the Golden Mahseer
- A paper published in November 2019 in the journal Cave and Karst Science describes Harries’s accidental discovery as “world’s largest known subterranean fish.” The fish is yet to be named.
- It is nearly five times the mean length (85mm/8.5 cm) for all known subterranean fish to date.
- The experts feel that the fish species is very similar to the Golden Mahseer. Unique characters that distinguishes it from the Golden Mahseer is the lack of pigmentation, a lack of eyes and its subterranean habitat – being locked in caves.
Important Info :
- Subterranean fauna refers to animal species that are adapted to live in underground environment.
- Subterranean ecosystems are considered extreme, high-stress environments characterised by darkness, truncated food webs and food scarcity.
Source : Indian Express (Environment & Ecology)
Bodo Peace – Bodo language
Prime Minister Narendra Modi acknowledged the signing of the Bodo Peace Accord among the Centre, Assam government and Bodo groups by writing these tweets in the Bodo language. The language is one of the key thrust areas in the Bodo Accord
- Estimated to have 1.5 million speakers (Census 2011), Bodo is listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution.
- It is spoken in Assam, where the Bodo tribe constitutes about 5-6% of the population, and in Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya, and West Bengal.
- While Bodo is officially written in the Devanagri script, the language has a history of having been written in at least three different scripts — until in 1974, the Government recognised Devanagari as its official script.
Important Info :
Bodo Peace Accord 2020:
- The 2020 Accord makes Bodo the associate official language throughout Assam.
- The new Accord also promises to establish a separate directorate for Bodo medium schools, provincialise schools and colleges in the BTAD (Bodoland Territorial Autonomous District) and establish a Cultural Complex-cum-Centre of Excellence named after the late social activist Bodofa Upendranath Brahma in Kokrajhar for protection and promotion of the language.
Source : Indian Express (Culture)
US-based think tank World Population Review in its report said that India emerged as the world’s fifth largest economy by overtaking the UK and France in 2019
- India’s economy is the fifth largest in the world with a GDP of $2.94 trillion, overtaking the UK and France in 2019 to take the fifth spot. The size of the UK economy is $2.83 trillion and that of France is $2.71 trillion.
- In purchasing power parity (PPP) terms, India’s GDP (PPP) is $10.51 trillion, exceeding that of Japan and Germany.
- Due to India’s high population, India’s GDP per capita is $2,170 (for comparison, the US is $62,794).
Important Info :
- The US-based World Population Review is an independent organisation without any political affiliations.
Source : Indian Express (Economy)
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