The fourth edition of The Death Penalty in India: Annual Statistics was published by Project 39A at the National Law University (NLU), Delhi
- Trial courts in India delivered 102 death sentences in 2019, over 60% fewer than the 162 death sentences passed in 2018.
- However, the proportion of death sentences imposed for murders involving sexual offences was at a four-year high in 2019 at 52.94% (54 out of 102 sentences).
- 2019 also saw the highest number of confirmations by High Courts in four years; 17 out of the 26 confirmations (65.38%) were in offences of murder involving sexual violence.
- The Supreme Court, primarily during the tenure of the previous Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi, listed and heard 27 capital cases, the most in a year since 2001.
- One out of two sentences were for sexual violence-murder; in three out of four sexual violence-murder death sentences, children were the killer’s victims.
Important Info :
- The National Law University, Delhi: It was established in 2008 under the National Law University Act, 2007 with the objective of imparting comprehensive and interdisciplinary legal education.
- Project 39A:
- Project 39A is inspired by Article 39-A of the Indian Constitution, a provision that furthers equal justice and equal opportunity by removing economic and social barriers.
- Using empirical research, Project 39A aims to trigger new conversations on legal aid, torture, DNA forensics, mental health in prisons, and the death penalty.
Source : Indian Express