KM CARIAPPA – Army Day was observed on January 15
- On January 15, 1949, Field Marshal Kodandera M Cariappa took over from General Sir Francis Butcher to become the Indian Army’s first Commander-in-Chief.
- The day has been observed as Army Day to recognise this, and to acknowledge the achievements and risks undertaken by Indian army personnel.
- KM Cariappa, who was fondly known as “Kipper”, was born in 1900, in Karnataka.
- In 1919, he received the King’s Commission with the first group of Indian cadets and in 1933, he became the first Indian officer to join staff college in Quetta.
- Subsequently, in 1942, Cariappa raised the seventh Rajput Machine Gun Battalion, which is now referred to as the 17th Rajput regiment.
- He served as a member of the Army Sub Committee of the Forces Reconstitution Committee during the Partition, as part of which he oversaw the task of dividing the military between India and Pakistan.
- He led the Indian forces on the Western Front during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947.
- He is one of the only two Indian Army officers to hold the five-star rank of field marshal (an honorary rank).
Source : Indian Express