The ‘Levels and Trends in Child Mortality’ report was released by the United Nations (UN) inter-agency group for child mortality.
- A child or a young adolescent died every five seconds in 2018. The major causes of neonatal mortality are pre-term birth, intrapartum related events, and neonatal infection.
- Half of all under-5 deaths in 2018 occurred in five countries: India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Ethiopia. India and Nigeria alone account for about a third.
- Current trends predict that close to 10 million 5- to 14-year-olds, and 52 million children under 5 years of age, will die between 2019 and 2030.
- In 2018, fewer countries showed gender disparities in child mortality, and across the world, boys are expected to have a higher probability of dying before reaching age 5 than girls. But this trend was not reflected in India.
Important Info :
- India’s under-5 girls face high mortality. India is among the few countries in the world where, in 2018, the mortality for girls under 5 years of age exceeded that of boys.
- According to India’s 2017 Sample Registration System, the States with the highest burden of neonatal mortality are Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh, with 32, 33 and 30 neonatal deaths per 1,000 live births, respectively. India’s neonatal mortality rate is 23.
- Jharkhand, Bihar and Uttarakhand showed the largest gender gaps in under-5 mortality.
Source : The Hindu