The India Meteorological Department (IMD) released its weather summary titled the ‘Statement on Climate of India during 2019.’
- The average temperature during 2019 rose by 0.36 degrees celsius, making this the seventh warmest year on record. The year 2016 was by far the warmest year recorded.
- The decade 2011-19 was the warmest on record for the country. The report highlighted that India had warmed by 1 degree Celsius since 1901.
- Arabian Sea brewed more cyclonic storms than the Bay of Bengal in 2019. This was only the second time in 117 years that the Arabian Sea saw such intense and frequent cyclones.
- The year 2019 was one of extremes — heat, cold, rain and cyclones — for India, killing a total of 1,562 people. The previous year, total deaths caused due to similar weather vagaries was 1,428.
- Rain and flood alone claimed 849 lives, with Bihar being the worst affected state due to unprecedented weather events experienced during all the seasons last year.
- The causes of deaths due to extreme weather events last year were as follows: heavy rain and floods 849, heatwave 349, thunderstorm 210, lightning 75, snow avalanche 51 and cold wave 28.
Source : Indian Express