The Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2019 ‘Early Years’ was released by NGO Pratham
- At least 25% of school children in the four-eight age group do not have age-appropriate cognitive and numeracy skills.
- Just 37.4% of children below six are able to recognize at least letters and only 25.6% can do additions, according to the report. Similarly, only 34.8% of children in Class II can read a text meant for the level below. And at Class III, only 50.8% can read texts meant for their juniors two levels below.
- Permitting underage children into primary grades puts them at a learning disadvantage which is difficult to overcome. More than a quarter of Class 1 students in government schools are only 4 or 5 years old, younger than the recommended age.
- The government-run preschool system is losing out to private schools in terms of enrolment.
- A better education level among mothers can lead to better outcomes among children in preschools and early schools. Numeracy skills among Class III children of illiterate mothers are much lower than those whose mothers had studied till Class XI or above.
- More girls are enrolled in government institutions and more boys in private institutions.
Important Info :
- Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) is a nation-wide household survey that provides data on children’s schooling and learning for a representative sample of children across rural India.
- Children in the age group 3 to 16 are surveyed to find out their enrollment status in pre-school or school. Children in the age group 5 to 16 are assessed one-on-one to understand their basic reading and arithmetic abilities.
- Since 2016, ASER switched to an alternate-year cycle, where the ‘basic’ ASER described above is conducted every other year (2016, 2018, and next in 2020).
- In alternate years, ASER focuses on a different aspect of children’s schooling and learning.
- In 2019, ASER aims to shine the spotlight on the early years, reporting on the schooling status for young children in the age group 4 to 8 across 26 districts in the country. The early years, defined globally as age 0-8, is the most important stage of development of the human brain.
Source : LiveMint