POLICE COMMISSIONERATE SYSTEM
The Uttar Pradesh Cabinet approved the commissionerate system of policing for state capital Lucknow, and Noida. This comes in the wake of violence during the protests against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act and allegations of police brutality and use of excessive force against protesters.
- Under the 7th Schedule of the Constitution, ‘Police’ is under the State list, meaning individual states typically legislate and exercise control over this subject.
- In the arrangement in force at the district level, a ‘dual system’ of control exists, in which the Superintendent of Police (SP) has to work with the District Magistrate (DM) for supervising police administration.
Police Commissionerate System:
- At the metropolitan level, many states have replaced the dual system with the commissionerate system, under which the Commissioner of Police (CP) is the head of a unified police command structure, is responsible for the force in the city, and is accountable to the state government.
- The office also has magisterial powers, including those related to regulation, control, and licensing.
- The commissioner does not report to the DM. He reports directly to the government.
- The CP is drawn from the Deputy Inspector General rank or above, and is assisted by Special/Joint/Additional/Deputy Commissioners.
Important Info :
- As per the Police Act of 1861, the system is to be implemented in cities with more than 10 lakh population.
- Almost all states barring Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, UT of J&K, and some Northeastern states have a commissionerate system. The British brought the system first in Kolkata.