COVID -19 INDIAN NATIONAL SUPERMODEL
Department of Science and Technology (DST) has initiated a COVID-19 Indian National Supermodel to help monitor the future transmission of infection.
- This will aid decisions involving health system readiness and other mitigation measures.
- Numerous mathematical models for Covid-19 forecasting and surveillance are being worked out by investigators funded by DST-SERB (Science and Engineering Research Board) and other agencies.
- As part of this initiative, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) and IISc, Bangalore will co-ordinate to connect and work with all COVID-19 modeling projects and programs in the country.
Source : PIB ( Health )
WORLD NO TOBACCO DAY
World No Tobacco Day is being observed on May 31 with the theme “Tobacco and related industry tactics to attract younger generations” to debunk myths and expose devious tactics employed by Tobacco industries.
- Every year, on 31 May, the World Health Organization (WHO) and global partners celebrate World No Tobacco Day (WNTD).
- The Member States of the World Health Organization created World No Tobacco Day in 1987 to draw global attention to the tobacco epidemic and the preventable death and disease it causes.
Source : News18 ( Health )
COVID-19 TECHNOLOGY ACCESS POOL (C-TAP)
WHO and Costa Rica launched the landmark COVID-19 Technology Access Pool (C-TAP).
- Thirty countries and multiple international partners and institutions have signed up to support the COVID-19 Technology Access Pool (C-TAP).
- C-TAP is an initiative aimed at making vaccines, tests, treatments and other health technologies to fight COVID-19 accessible to all.
- The COVID-19 (Technology) Access Pool will be voluntary and based on social solidarity. It will provide a one-stop shop for scientific knowledge, data and intellectual property to be shared equitably by the global community.
- With supportive countries across the globe, C-TAP will serve as a sister initiative to the Access to COVID-19 Tools (ACT) Accelerator and other initiatives to support efforts to fight COVID-19 worldwide.
Source : WHO (Health )
PM CARES FUND
The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) has refused to disclose details on the creation and operation of the PM CARES Fund, telling an RTI applicant that the fund is “not a public authority” within the ambit of the RTI Act, 2005.
- The Prime Minister’s Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations (PM CARES) Fund accepts donations and provides relief during the COVID-19 pandemic, and other similar emergencies.
- According to PMO, “PM CARES Fund is not a Public Authority under the ambit of Section 2(h) of the RTI Act, 2005.
- The PMO cited a Supreme Court (SC) observation that “indiscriminate and impractical demands under RTI Act for disclosure of all and sundry information would be counterproductive”.
Source : The Hindu ( Polity & Governance )
RESPONSIBLE AI FOR YOUTH
The Union Minister for Electronics and IT launched a National Program for the youth called “Responsible AI for Youth”.
- Objective: To empower the youth to become AI ready and help reduce the skill gap, while enabling youth to create meaningful social impact solutions.
- Bodies involved: The Program has been created and launched by the National e-Governance Division, Ministry of Electronics & IT in collaboration with Intel India, with support from Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSE&L), Ministry of HRD.
- Coverage: The National Programme is open to students of classes 8 – 12 from Central and State government-run schools (including KVS, NVS, JNV) from across the country.
Important Info :
- The identified students will attend online training sessions on AI who will submit their ideas through a 60 seconds video explaining a proposed AI enabled solution.
- From the submitted ideas, top 100 ideas will be shortlisted and these students will be invited to attend sessions. Post the sessions, these students will be asked to create real time projects and submit their final project in a video format on the website.
Source : Economic Times ( Science & Technology )
NATIONAL AI PORTAL OF INDIA
The Union Minister for Electronics and IT launched India’s national Artificial Intelligence Portal called www.ai.gov.in.
- This portal has been jointly developed by the Ministry of Electronics and IT and IT Industry. National e-Governance Division of Ministry of Electronics and IT and NASSCOM from the IT industry will jointly run this portal.
- This portal shall work as a one stop digital platform for AI related developments in India, sharing of resources such as articles, startups, investment funds in AI, resources, companies and educational institutions related to AI in India.
Source : PIB ( Science & Technology )
Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister has announced the launch of the ‘Rozgar Setu’ scheme, to help secure employment for skilled workers who have returned.
- After such workers requiring employment are identified, the government will contact factory, workshop owners and contractors overseeing infrastructure projects such as road and bridge construction.
- Thus, the State government will act as a setu [bridge] between workers and employers so that both are benefited. According to CM, Madhya Pradesh is the first state to devise such a work plan.
Source : The Hindu ( Social Issues )
An international team of researchers has confirmed the existence of Proxima b, an Earth-like planet that’s orbiting the closest star to our Solar System, Proxima Centauri which is only 4.2 light-years from the Sun.
- They found that Proxima b is 1.17 times the mass of Earth, smaller than the older estimate of 1.3 times. It orbits its star in just 11.2 days.
- Proxima b was first discovered in 2016 using HARPS (High Accuracy Radial Velocity Planet Searcher), a planet-hunting spectrograph mounted to one of the telescopes at the European Southern Observatory at the La Silla Observatory in Chile.
- In the recent research, the scientists were able to hone in on the planet with ESPRESSO, a new generation spectrograph also at the observatory in Chile, which boasts three times the precision as HARPS.
Source : The Tribune ( Science & Technology )
India’s fiscal deficit widened to 4.6% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2019-20 mainly on account of poor revenue realisation, according to official data provided by the Controller General of Accounts (CGA).
- The fiscal deficit for 2019-20 worked out to be 4.59% of the GDP. The deficit, which signifies the gap between government revenue and expenditure, is higher than the revised estimate of 3.8% for the fiscal.
- The revenue deficit for 2019-20 was 3.27% of the GDP. The effective revenue deficit was 2.36%.
- Revenue receipts during the year worked out to be only 90% of the revised estimate. In absolute terms, total receipts of the government were ₹17.5 lakh crore against the estimate of ₹19.31 lakh crore.
- The data showed the government’s total expenditure was ₹26.86 lakh crore, lower than the ₹26.98 lakh crore projected earlier.
Source : Business Standard ( Economy )
The National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics, has released the Provisional Estimates of National Income for the financial year 2019-20 and Quarterly Estimates of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the fourth quarter (January-March) of 2019-20, both at Constant (2011-12) and Current Prices.
- Real GDP or Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at Constant (2011-12) Prices in the year 2019-20 is now estimated to attain a level of ₹ 145.66 lakh crore.
- The growth in GDP during 2019-20 is estimated at 4.2 percent as compared to 6.1 percent in 2018-19. This is the lowest annual growth rate of GDP registered under the new GDP data series which uses 2011-12 as the base year.
- GDP at Current Prices in the year 2019-20 is estimated to attain a level of ₹ 203.40 lakh crore, as against the First Revised Estimates of ₹ 189.71 lakh crore in 2018-19, showing a growth rate of 7.2 percent as compared to 11.0 percent in 2018-19.
- The Per Capita Income in real terms (at 2011-12 Prices) during 2019-20 is estimated to attain a level of ₹ 94,954 as compared to ₹ 92,085 in the year 2018-19, resulting in growth of 3.1 percent during 2019-20, as against 4.8 per cent in the previous year.
- The Per Capita Income at current prices during 2019-20 is estimated to be ₹ 134,226, showing a rise of 6.1 percent as compared to ₹ 1,26,521 during 2018-19.
- GDP at Constant (2011-12) Prices in Q4 of 2019-20 is estimated at ₹ 38.04 lakh crore, as against ₹ 36.90 lakh crore in Q4 of 2018-19, showing a growth of 3.1 percent.
Important Info :
- This sharp deceleration in nominal GDP growth shows the continued weakening of India’s growth momentum even before it was hit by the Covid-19 induced lockdown in the last week of March.
Source : PIB ( Economy )